Archivi tag: libertà di stampa

Giornata mondiale della libertà di stampa

World Press Freedom DayRiportiamo quanto diffuso oggi, giornata mondiale della libertà di stampa, da Reporters sans frontiers:

Reporters Without Borders is today, World Press Freedom Day, releasing an updated list of 39 Predators of Freedom of Information – presidents, politicians, religious leaders, militias and criminal organizations that censor, imprison, kidnap, torture and kill journalists and other news providers. Powerful, dangerous and violent, these predators consider themselves above the law.
“These predators of freedom of information are responsible for the worst abuses against the news media and journalists,” Reporters Without Borders secretary-general Christophe Deloire said. “They are becoming more and more effective. In 2012, the level of vio- lence against news providers was unprecedented and a record number of journalists were killed.
World Press Freedom Day, which was established on the initiative of Reporters Without Borders, must be used to pay tribute to all journalists, professional and amateur, who have paid for their commitment with their lives, their physical integrity or their freedom, and to denounce the impunity enjoyed by these predators.”
Five new predators have been added to the list: the new Chinese president, Xi Jinping, the Jihadi group Jabhat Al-Nosra from Syria, members and supporters of Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood, Pakistan’s Baloch armed groups, and Maldives’ religious extremists. Four predators have been dropped from the list: former Somali information and communications minister Abdulkadir Hussein Mohamed, Burmese President Thein Sein, whose country is experiencing unprecedented reforms despite the current ethnic violence, the ETA group, and the Hamas and Palestinian Authority security forces, which are harassing journalists less.
To draw attention to their abuses, Reporters Without Borders has drafted indictments against some of these predators in the hope that they will one day be brought before competent courts. To better highlight the gulf between propaganda and reality, the state- ments of some of them have been contrasted with the facts. And to show how some predators really think, we have presented their innermost thoughts in the first person. We had to use a little imagination, of course, but the facts alluded to conform to reality.

neW names in the list of predators
A predator goes and is replaced by another. It is no surprise that Xi Jinping has taken former Chinese President Hu Jintao’s place as predator. The change of person has not in any way affected the repressive system developed by China’s Communist Party.
The list of predators has been impacted by the repercussions from the Arab Spring and uprisings in the Arab world. Members and supporters of Egyptian President Morsi’s party, the Muslim Brotherhood, have been responsible for harassing and physically attac- king independent media and journalists critical of the party.
Jabhat Al-Nosra’s entry into the predators list reflects the evolution in the Syrian conflict and the fact that abuses are no longer attri- butable solely to the regime, represented on the list by Bashar al-Assad, but also to opposition armed groups, which are proving to be more and more intolerant and suspicious towards the media. At least 23 journalists and 58 citizen-journalists have been killed in Syria since 15 March 2011 and seven journalists are currently missing.
In Pakistan, Baloch armed groups, including the Balochistan Liberation Army, Baloch Liberation Front and Baloch Musallah Defa Army, have turned the southwestern province of Balochistan into one of the world’s most dangerous regions for journalists. Consis- ting of armed separatist groups and opposing militias created to defend the central Pakistani government, they have spread terror in the media and created information “black holes.” Pakistan’s intelligence agencies are also on the predators list because of their abuses against the media.
Ever since the army mutiny that overthrew President Mohamed Nasheed in the Maldives in 2012, extremist religious groups have tried to use their nuisance power to extend their influence. They have become more aggressive as the July 2013 presidential election approaches, intimidating news media and bloggers and using freedom of expression to impose a religious agenda while denying this freedom to others.

unacceptable impunity for predators
Physical attacks on journalists and murders of journalists usually go completely unpunished. This encourages the predators to continue their violations of human rights and freedom of information. The 34 predators who were already on the 2012 list continue to trample on freedom of information with complete disdain and to general indifference.
The leaders of dictatorships and closed countries enjoy a peaceful existence while media and news providers are silenced or eliminated. Such leaders include Kim Jong-un in North Korea, Issaias Afeworki in Eritrea and Gurbanguly Berdymukhammedov in Turkmenistan. In these countries, as in Belarus, Vietnam, Uzbekistan and other Central Asian countries, the international community’s silence is not just shameful, it is complicit.
Reporters Without Borders urges the international community not to hide behind economic and geopolitical interests. Thanks to their rich natural resources, Azerbaijan’s Ilham Aliyev and Kazakhstan’s Nursultan Nazarbayev are confident that no one will rap their knuckles. Economic interests come before everything else, as they do with China. It is the same with countries that the West regards as “strategic.”
Iran’s two predators – President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad and the Supreme Leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei – have already taken steps to deter the media from providing independent coverage of next June’s presidential election. The waves of arrests of journa- lists that began on 27 January, “Black Sunday,” are clear evidence of this.
Criminal organizations and paramilitary groups that are often linked to drug trafficking – Mexico’s Zetas, Colombia’s Urabeños and the Italian Mafia – continue to target journalists and media they regard as too curious, independent or hostile. In Mexico, a country that is especially deadly for media personnel, 87 journalists have been killed and 17 have disappeared since 2000. Justice has not been properly rendered in any of these cases.
Since Vladimir Putin’s return to the presidency in Russia, the authorities have tightened their grip even further in response to unprecedented opposition protests. The country remains marked by a completely unacceptable level impunity for those responsible for violence against journalists. A total of 29 have been murdered since 2000, including Anna Politkovskaya.

Why are predators never brought to justice?
The persistently high level of impunity is not due to a legal void. There are laws and instruments that protect journalists in connection with their work. Above all, it is up to individual states to protect journalists and other media personnel. This was stressed in Resolu- tion 1738 on the safety of journalists, which the United Nations security council adopted in 2006.
Nonetheless, states often fail to do what they are supposed to do, either because they lack the political will to punish abuses of this kind, or because their judicial system is weak or non-existent, or because it is the authorities themselves who are responsible for the abuses.
The creation of a mechanism for monitoring adherence to Resolution 1738, which Reporters Without Borders has proposed, would encourage member states to adopt specific provisions for penalizing murders, physical attacks and disappearances that target journalists, would extend States obligations to non-professional “news providers” and would reinforce their efforts to combat impunity for such crimes.
At the international level, the legal protection of journalists is also guaranteed by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, the Geneva Conventions and other instruments. The United Nations recently published an Action Plan on the safety of journalists and measures to combat impunity for crimes of violence against them.
The International Criminal Court’s creation has unfortunately not helped advance the fight against impunity for those responsible for the most serious crimes of violence against journalists, although journalists play a fundamental role in providing information and issuing alerts during domestic and international armed conflicts. The ICC only has jurisdiction when the crime takes place on the territory of a state that is a party to the Rome Statute (which created the ICC) or if the accused person is a citizen of a state party.
Furthermore, the Rome Statute provides for no specific charge for deliberate physical attacks on journalists. Article 8 of the statute needs to be amended so that a deliberate attack on media professionals is regarded as a war crime.

Dropped from the predators list
Abdulkadir Hussein Mohamed: also know as “Jahweyn,” this Somali politician is no longer minister of information and telecommunications. His successor does not seem to be directly responsible for harassment, intimidation or other abuses against media personnel. Journalism nonetheless continues to be very dangerous in Somalia, with a total of 18 journalists killed in 2012.
Burmese president Thein Sein: installed as president in March 2011, Thein Sein no longer qualifies as a predator of freedom of information. Under his presidency, the military junta has disbanded and all jailed journalists and bloggers, including Democratic Voice of Burma’s 17 video-journalists, have been freed. In 2012, prior censorship was abolished and many exile media began operating openly inside the country. The first privately-owned daily newspapers appeared in early 2013.
Hamas and palestinian authority security forces: the security forces of the Palestinian Authority in the West Bank and those of the Hamas government in the Gaza Strip have been dropped from this year’s list of predators because the number of their press freedom violations has fallen considerably in the past four years. The situation of freedom of information in the West Bank and Gaza Strip is nonetheless still the subject of concern. The Hamas government recent banned local journalists from working for Israeli media, and many journalists are prosecuted for insulting President Mahmoud Abbas.
Eta: the organization ETA has been dropped from the 2013 list. It announced the “definitive end to armed actions” in 2011 and has carried out no attacks on journalists or news media since then. Reporters Without Borders has of course not forgotten all the journalists who were physically attacked or killed by ETA and continues to demand justice for those crimes of violence. Reporters Without Borders will also continue to be on the lookout for any future threat to media freedom by ETA.


Sostieni Annaviva e l’inaugurazione dei giardini Anna

Budapest, libertà di stampa ancora minacciata

Trasmettiamo un nuovo comunicato da Budapest di Klubrádió:

Media Council: Another Slap in the Face for the Freedom of Press as a Christmas Present
A press release by Klubrádió
The Media council has served its most recent unlawful resolution by courier at half past four p.m. on Friday, 19 December 2012, once again questioning the successfulness of Klubrádió’s application for the 95.3 MHz broadcast frequency tender, though it had already been declared successful by the High Court of Appeal in its final and binding decision on 14 March 2012. The only difference in the Council’s method is that instead of trying to disqualify Klubrádió from the tender on the grounds of “failing to sign the empty pages”, they regard this disqualification as a fact and, “acting within their own competence”, only revoke part of their resolution of last September which claims the tender was successful. In addition, they cite the prosecution’s position statement – which could only be regarded as an expert opinion at most, in view of the several legal and binding rulings of the court. Incidentally, the contents of this opinion is unknown to the party concerned.

Similarly to the one issued before last Christmas declaring Autórádió kft to be the winner, this resolution also has an appeal period of 15 calendar days subject to forfeiture. This work of art is also intended as an “early Christmas present”, leaving only 4 workdays for Klubrádió to prepare and file their appeal. The celebration of love has once again been exploited by the Media Council for furthering their political goals. Perhaps they hope the public outrage triggered by their latest wrongful decision would not be so strong this way.

This procedure is not only unlawful and unfair, but also deeply cynical. This behaviour goes against democratic thinking as well as good manners, just like other, untrue statements in the Council’s resolution, such as the one claiming Klubrádió is charged only 50% of the broadcasting fee even though it is just the other way round: Klubrádió is the only one needing to pay the full price.

Médiatanács: újabb karácsonyi pofon a sajtószabadságnak
A Klubrádió közleménye
A Médiatanács 2012. december 19-én, szerdán délután fél ötkor futárral kézbesítette újabb törvénytelen határozatát a Klubrádiónak. Ebben a Fővárosi Ítélőtábla által már 2012. március 14-én jogerősen eredményesnek ítélt 95.3 MHz frekvencia pályázat eredményességét kérdőjelezi meg ismét. A módszer annyiban változott, hogy a hírhedt „üres oldalak aláíratlansága” ötlet alapján most nem kizárja a Klubrádiót a pályázatból, hanem a kizárást axiómaként ténynek tekinti és csupán a tavaly decemberi, a pályázat eredményéről szóló határozatának azt a részét „vonja vissza saját hatáskörben”, mely szerint a pályázat eredményes volt. Ráadásul az ügyészségre hivatkozik, akinek az állásfoglalása legfeljebb szakértői véleménynek tekinthető több jogerős ítéletet követően. E vélemény tartalma egyébként az érintett előtt ismeretlen.
A mostani határozattal szemben is 15 naptári napos jogvesztő határidővel lehet keresetet benyújtani, csakúgy, mint a tavaly Karácsony előtt az Autórádió kft-t győztesnek kikiáltóval szemben. A mű ezúttal is karácsonyi ajándékként született, ismét mindössze 4 munkanap áll rendelkezésre a kereset elkészítésére és benyújtására. A szeretet ünnepét ismét politikai céljai elérésének szolgálatába állította a Médiatanács. Talán abban reménykedik, hogy így kisebb lesz a felháborodás, amelyet az újabb jogsértő döntése vált ki?
Az eljárás nemcsak jogellenes és tisztességtelen, de cinikus is. Az ilyen viselkedés nemcsak a jogállamiságtól, hanem a jó modortól is idegen. Ahogy a Médiatanács december 19-i közleményének más, a valóságtól eltérő állítása is, például az, hogy a Klubrádió a frekvenciadíj feléért sugározhatja az adását: ellenkezőleg, csak a Klubrádiónak nem szállították le a fizetési kötelezettségét.


Ungheria, la lettera di Klubradio

KlubRadioTrasmettiamo la lettera scritta da Klubradio il 30 novembre:

Dear Media Council,
Lately you have been entertaining the public with lies and misrepresentations of facts on a daily basis. What is more, you have an enormous staff and you spend huge amounts of public money to support your harmful behavior. In this press release, we would like to react to your latest announcement dated 29 November.
“The Media Council has been continuously and reliably providing Klubrádió the opportunity to operate for two years now. In fact, the Media Council allows us to use our frequency by issuing temporary licenses for two-month periods at a time. We only learned on Wednesday that we would be allowed to broadcast next Tuesday. And this has been going on for two years although so far six court judgments have confirmed that we have the right to use a frequency permanently. Your inexplicable behavior causes immense losses to Klubrádió and to its hundreds of thousands of listeners, to the freedom of press and to Hungary.
“(…) the Media Council has reduced the annual fee to HUF 3 million from HUF 11 million for the Kecskemét frequency and to HUF 4.1 million from HUF 8.5 million for the Debrecen frequency of Klubrádió.” You are misleading the public again as you have not reduced the HUF 25 million fee of Klubrádió’s Budapest frequency in spite of the fact that you did lower the fees for all the commercial stations of the country. You were cynics when you claimed that Klubrádió had been left out of the fee reduction with regard to the temporary status of its frequency rights. Also, you keep the rate of reduction confidential in the other cases, including that of Class FM, which could be HUF 100 million or even more. Another of your pets, Lánchíd Rádió is given frequency after frequency in the country free of charge. Also, Katolikus Rádió, Mária Rádió and Európa Rádió don’t have to pay fees either. The help you give us, compared to the help they get, is hypocritical and laughable. Klubrádió and its partners are in a difficult financial situation primarily because of the Media Council’s actions.
“The Media Council still considers the owner of Klubrádió a partner (…)” No, you have never treated Klubrádió as a partner. You offended the public when you wanted to waste Klubrádió’s frequency through a call for tenders issued for stations with a music profile; when you declared Autórádió Kft., which submitted an atrocious offer, the winner; when you did not allow Klubrádió to use the frequency it had won at a tender; when you ignore final and nonappealable judicial decisions and act as if you were above the law.
Dear Media Council, what you do is detrimental

Tisztelt Médiatanács!
Önök immár naponta traktálják hazugságaikkal, csúsztatásaikkal a közvéleményt. Önök kártevő tevékenységüket hatalmas apparátussal, irdatlan közpénzen végzik. Legutóbbi közleményükre (november 29.) reagálunk ezúttal.
„A Médiatanács immár két esztendeje folyamatosan és kiszámíthatóan biztosítja a Klubrádió számára a zavartalan működés lehetőségét”. Kéthavonta hosszabbítgatják ideiglenes engedélyekkel a frekvencia használatunkat. Szerdáig nem tudtuk, vajon jövő kedden sugározhatunk-e. És ez így megy két éve, miközben eddig hat bírósági ítélet állapította meg a tartós frekvenciához fűződő jogainkat. Az Önök áldatlan tevékenysége mérhetetlen károkat okoz a Klubrádiónak, a Klubrádió többszázezres hallgatóságának, a sajtószabadságnak, Magyarországnak.
„… a Klubrádió kecskeméti frekvenciájáért fizetendő éves díjat a Médiatanács 11 millióról 3 millió forintra, míg debreceni frekvenciája díját 8,5 millióról 4,1 millió forintra csökkentette.” Önök ismét félrevezetik a közönséget, ugyanis a Klubrádió budapesti frekvenciájának 25 milliós díját nem csökkentették, szemben az ország összes többi kereskedelmi rádiójáéval. Önök cinikusan a frekvencia ideiglenességével indokolták a Klubrádió kihagyását a kedvezményből. Ráadásul a többi esetben titokként kezelik a csökkentés mértékét, például a Class FM-ét is, ami bizonyára százmilliós nagyságrendű. Az Önök egyik fő kegyeltje, a Lánchíd rádió egymásután kapja a vidéki frekvenciákat ingyenes használatra. Egyébként a Katolikus, a Mária és az Európa rádió sem fizet Önöknek díjat. Ehhez képest az Önök úgynevezett segítsége álságos és nevetséges. A Klubrádió és partnerei nehéz gazdasági helyzetéért a Médiatanács a legfőbb felelős.
„A Médiatanács továbbra is partnerként tekint a Klubrádió tulajdonosára…” – Önök soha nem tekintették partnernek a Klubrádiót, Önök már akkor arcul csapták a teljes hazai közvéleményt, amikor a Klubrádió frekvenciáját zenei formátumú pályázaton próbálták elkótyavetyélni, amikor az Autórádió Kft. minősíthetetlen ajánlatát győztesnek hirdették ki, amikor a Klubrádiónak nem adták át a pályázaton elnyert frekvenciáját, amikor önmagukat törvényen felülre helyezve nem engedelmeskednek jogerős bírósági ítéletnek.
Tisztelt Médiatanács, Önök kártékonyak.

Ungheria, Klubradio e la libertà di espressione

Vi trasmettiamo l’ultimo comunicato diffuso da Klubradio:

KlubRadioThe Media Council’s series of decisions violating the principle of the rule of law is a threat to the freedom of the press

Klubrádió’s press release concerning the latest letter issued by the Media Council’s press office claiming that the authorities do whatever they can to support the radio’s uninterrupted operation

We did not ask for the Media Council’s sympathy about the tender concerning the Esztergom and Tatabánya coverage area in which no winner had been declared. The only reason why this tender was unsuccessful is that the authority had issued an atrocious call for tenders, as confirmed by the Budapest High Court of Appeal. It was the Media Council’s negligence but it is Klubrádió that pays the price. According to the judgment of the Court, the Media Council’s call for proposals had been so irrational and unprofessional that it was impossible to submit a proposal that met the applicable formal requirements. As a result, it is the Media Council’s duty to mitigate the damage caused and issue a temporary license for broadcasting in the two towns.

According to the Media Council’s press release, the Council will do whatever they can to make uninterrupted operation possible for Klubrádió, and they intend to prove this by issuing another 60-day extension (the twelfth of such extensions). However, this statement contradicts the facts as judgment after judgment confirms that that the authority’s procedures have been illegal and the Council refuses to comply with the orders of the court. The Council does not abide by the law, it is a law unto itself.

And the statement that the “Media Council continuously offers cooperation to Klubrádió” is utterly false. The truth is that it does not show any willingness to cooperate. They refused to answer our proposals for solutions and did not react to our requests for negotiation.

With the suspension of the operation of our Esztergom and Tatabánya broadcasting stations, we have made it possible for the Media Council to take immediate steps. The Media Council should allow us to take over the Budapest frequency permanently and should issue a new tender for the two country frequencies that meets the applicable professional and moral requirements. Stop causing more harm!

Budapest, lotta continua per Klubradio

Trasmettiamo l’ultimo comunicato di Klubradio, la radio di Budapest le cui frequenze sono state messe all’asta:

Media Council has it back to front
For months now, the Media Council has refused to execute the court’s final and binding judgement in wilful violation of the law. It is an outright lie that the court’s judgment has disqualified Klubrádió. The opposite is true, as confirmed by several other judgements. The court has disqualified the bid of Autórádió Kft. and at the same time called upon the Media Council to announce a new winner given the invalidity of the earlier winning bid. By failing to do so, the Media Council is flying in the face of the freedom of speech and is giving Hungary a bad name throughout the democratic world.

The Media Council has it back to front. Its task should be to promote the freedom of speech instead of trying with all its might to undermine it. Klubrádió.

Secondo concerto Klub Radio

I biglietti sono disponibili anche presso la sede prima dello spettacolo!

Jegyek a helyszínen is kaphatók a koncert előtt!

Tickets are available also at the scene before the concert!

Secondo concerto Radio Club. Vieni e porta tanti amici con te!

Gyere és hozz magaddal még legalább egy-két-három embert!

2nd concert for Klubradio. Come and call others, too!

Klub Radio, conferenza stampa a Budapest

Inoltriamo un comunicato stampa dell’amico Andras Arato (nella foto), giornalista di Klub Radio che il regime ungherese sta cercando in tutti i modi di chiudere:

“Cari Colleghi, vi invitiamo a una conferenza stampa. Grazie per l’attenzione che ci avete riservato e per, per i reportages che avete realizzato e che hanno dimostrato come i media di tutto il mondo considerano significativa la sorte di Klub Radio.
È difficile comprendere il continuo flusso di notizie che hanno modificato la legge ungherese dei Media. Ma la volontà è chiara: dapprima silenziare Klub Radio, poi prevenire ogni ricorso giuridico per il futuro.
Il nostro dovere è quello di aiutare i colleghi nella raccolta di informazioni.
Questo è il motivo per cui organizziamo una conferenza stampa alle ore 10:30 il 17 maggio al Ristorante Symbol (Budapest, III. Becsi ut 56.).
Speriamo di potervi salutare lì”

Della vicenda e della situazione ungherese più in generale si è occupata Annaviva più volte con incontri, presidi e un viaggio di turismo responsabile a Pasqua. Ci auguriamo che i nostri amici possano trovare presto una maggior libertà nel proprio Paese